NIH Health Research

A weekly summary of research developments and discoveries at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  1. Common air pollutants were associated with increases in emphysema over a decade of follow-up. The results may help explain why some people who never smoked develop emphysema.
  2. Researchers gained key insights into brown fat’s effects on the body’s metabolism. The findings reveal targets for developing new treatments for obesity and diabetes.
  3. Gene mutations related to human stuttering also caused vocalization defects and a loss of brain cells called astrocytes in mice. The findings reveal insight into the neurological mechanisms.
  4. Evidence of infection with an enterovirus was found in about 80% of people with the rare but serious condition called acute flaccid myelitis.
  5. Researchers found that dark rimmed spots on the brain may be a hallmark of more aggressive and disabling forms of multiple sclerosis. The findings suggest an avenue to explore for new disease treatments.
  6. In mouse models of autoimmune disorders, drinking sugary water worsened disease by activating inflammatory immune cells. The findings suggest a low-sugar diet may help prevent or treat autoimmune diseases.
  7. A study suggests that millions of U.S. adults may take a daily aspirin for cardiovascular disease prevention without any clear benefit.
  8. Researchers identified a compound that can reduce itch in mice by blocking a receptor in the spinal cord. Future studies could lead to a drug for testing in people.
  9. Exposure to air pollution just before birth appeared to increase the odds that an infant would spend time in the neonatal intensive care unit.
  10. Restricting calories for two years led to weight loss and a substantial reduction in risk factors for heart disease and diabetes in healthy adults 50 or younger.
  11. Researchers found that marathon runners have more bacteria that metabolize lactate after finishing their race. The findings suggest strategies to enhance exercise ability.
  12. Results in mice suggest that finding a way to stop the spread of the protein thought to cause Parkinson’s disease from the gut to the brain might help prevent the disease.

Trial Interest Form

Find out if you may qualify to participate in the VeraCept IUD Study
Do I qualify?