NIH Health Research

A weekly summary of research developments and discoveries at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  1. A simple measurement can be used to diagnose clinically significant airflow obstruction, the key characteristic of COPD. The findings may lead to earlier detection and treatment.
  2. In people with lower incomes, stress-related brain activity was linked to more inflammation in the body. This may explain why people with lower incomes have a higher risk of heart disease.
  3. By exploring the genomes of non-European people, researchers identified new genetic variants associated with conditions like kidney disease and diabetes.
  4. Researchers found that acceptance and support from community and family may lessen the toll of mental health conditions experienced by former child soldiers.
  5. In a proof-of-concept study, spoken language patterns predicted which people at risk for psychosis would progress to full psychosis within two years with 93% accuracy.
  6. Researchers discovered how a gut microbe linked to Crohn’s disease may stimulate immune cells to trigger inflammation.
  7. Drops in outdoor air pollutants over a 21-year period in Southern California were associated with 20% fewer asthma diagnoses in children.
  8. Women who slept with a television or light on were more likely to gain weight and develop obesity. The findings suggest that turning off lights at bedtime could help keep off extra pounds.
  9. An experimental drug called teplizumab may delay development of type 1 diabetes in people at high risk for the disease
  10. Researchers found that older women who took more steps per day had a lower risk of dying until 7,500 steps a day, beyond which the benefit leveled off.
  11. Researchers devised a technique to avoid a fatal complication during a procedure to replace the heart’s mitral valve.
  12. Researchers found that the vaginal microbiome changes substantially during pregnancy. Patterns of changes early in pregnancy may help identify women at high risk for preterm birth.

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