NIH Health Research

A weekly summary of research developments and discoveries at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  1. Delivering the only approved tuberculosis vaccine intravenously greatly enhanced its ability to protect rhesus monkeys from infection.
  2. People with higher exposures to common insecticides called pyrethroids had an increased risk of death in the years following the measurements.
  3. A laboratory study gave new insight into how skin creams, cosmetics, and fragrances may cause immune responses that lead to rashes in some people.
  4. Researchers found that mutations in a specific gene cause a previously unknown autoinflammatory disease, which they’ve named CRIA syndrome.
  5. Blood levels of around 400 proteins accurately reflected people’s age and relative health. Such a protein signature might help identify people at greater risk of age-related diseases.
  6. Scientists found that some immune cells in people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) show disruptions in the way they produce and use energy.
  7. NIH accomplishments in disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment include treatments for the Ebola virus, gene therapy that reverses a rare immune disorder, and a blood test to detect myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome
  8. NIH findings with potential for enhancing human health include a way to predict which people at risk for psychosis may progress to full psychosis, insights into recurrent tonsillitis, and a patch to replace damaged retinal cells.
  9. Noteworthy NIH advances in basic research include evidence linking enterovirus infections with acute flaccid myelitis, insights into how disrupted sleep may lead to heart disease, and nanoparticle robots that sweep away biofilms.
  10. Two experimental drugs each reduced the risk of death from Ebola when tested in an outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  11. Three commonly prescribed anti-seizure drugs worked equally well for seizures in patients with a severe form of epilepsy called refractory status epilepticus who didn’t respond to benzodiazepines.
  12. Researchers found a unique population of stem cells in the roof of the mouth that quickly respond to stress from chewing and injury.

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