NIH Health Research

A weekly summary of research developments and discoveries at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  1. Drugs for opioid-use disorder reduced the risk of death by about half for people who’d previously had an opioid overdose. But less than a third of participants received these drugs.
  2. Researchers found that a therapy-based approach focused on emotional development may be an effective option for treating early childhood depression.
  3. Intensive weight loss from diet and exercise was better than moderate weight loss for relieving symptoms of knee arthritis among obese or overweight older adults.
  4. Researchers designed a novel approach to immunotherapy that led to the complete regression of breast cancer in one patient for whom all other treatments failed.
  5. An analysis of prescription data showed that older adults who take certain drugs that suppress the immune system were less likely to develop Parkinson’s disease.
  6. In mouse studies, researchers found mechanisms connecting molecules thought to promote inflammation and the increased risk of diseases caused by a high-cholesterol diet.
  7. Among women with the most common type of breast cancer, those with certain genetic risk scores didn’t benefit from receiving chemotherapy in addition to hormone therapy.
  8. A study suggests that people with long-term symptoms from concussions may not be receiving treatments that could improve their physical and mental health.
  9. An experimental HIV vaccine prompted animal immune systems to form antibodies that neutralize dozens of HIV strains. A study of the test vaccine in people is being planned.
  10. A long-term study found that women with certain healthy dietary patterns had a lower risk of moderate to severe hearing loss.
  11. Researchers designed a self-tuning deep-brain stimulation device and tested it in two patients with Parkinson’s disease.
  12. A connection between bacteria in the gut and antitumor immune responses in the liver enhances our understanding of liver cancer and suggests new approaches to treat it.
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