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NIH Health Research

A weekly summary of research developments and discoveries at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  1. A new artificial pancreas system, which monitors and regulates blood glucose levels, proved safe and effective in young children with type 1 diabetes.
  2. Differences in brain activity seen on scans taken before psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder corresponded with responses to treatment.
  3. A study suggested that consuming high amounts of fructose may promote non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by damaging the intestinal barrier.
  4. Deaths from the most common lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, declined sharply after 2013, faster than the drop in new cases of the disease.
  5. A screen of more than 100 diverse factors in people’s daily lives suggested that getting enough social support and limiting how much media you use may help prevent depression.
  6. Researchers developed a method to create a synthetic film on the surface of the small intestine that could be used to deliver drugs and influence nutrient absorption.
  7. Children who wore multifocal contact lenses had slower progression of their myopia, or nearsightedness, over three years.
  8. Blood levels of a protein called ptau217 were associated with damage to the brain caused by Alzheimer’s disease, and may one day help diagnose disease before symptoms appear.
  9. Blood samples taken before the COVID-19 pandemic showed that some people already had certain immune cells that recognize SARS-CoV-2, possibly because of common colds.
  10. Researchers identified some of the most potent and diverse antibodies discovered to date that neutralize SARS-CoV-2, targeting multiple regions on the viral spike.
  11. Mice with high blood sugar levels had lower gains from aerobic exercise than normal mice. The results suggest that diet changes may be needed to get the most from aerobic exercise.
  12. A computational screen of more than 600 compounds listed as FDA-approved inactive ingredients found some that may warrant follow-up studies for previously unknown effects.

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